Теократический Монархист (ign) wrote,
Теократический Монархист
ign

К вопросу об ущемлении прав арабских граждан Израиля

Нет, я вовсе не пытаюсь сказать, что проблемы ущемления гражданских прав национальных меньшинств в Израиле не существует в принципе. Наверняка проблема существует, как и, впрочем, во многих других, если не во всех, многонациональных странах. Впрочем, людям, страдающим от реальной дискриминации, от этого не легче и пустое ёрничание над их проблемами едва ли уместно. Но...

Но если в случае других, развитых и не очень, стран, проблема дискриминации тех или иных этнических и религиозных групп, по крайней мере, не используется для аргументации того, что данная страна должна быть "стёрта с карты", в случае Израиля дело обстоит в точности так. Вот, например, пользователь krivda, с которым я имел удовольствие недавно подискуссировать, пишет в своём дневнике:

Я искренне считаю, что в программе любой Демократической партии в РФ должен быть пункт о необходимости демонатажа существующего государства Израиль как преступного, ультраправого, нацисткого режима.


Или вот, например, мнение некоего Ronnie Kasrils (как утверждается, этнического еврея), министра ЮАР, о сопоставимости положения арабского населения Израиля с положением негритянского населения ЮАР при апартеиде:

The Palestinian minority in Israel has for decades been denied basic equality in health, education, housing and land possession, solely because it is not Jewish. The fact that this minority is allowed to vote hardly redresses the rampant injustice in all other basic human rights. They are excluded from the very definition of the ‘Jewish state’, and have virtually no influence on the laws, or political, social and economic policies. Hence their similarity to the black South Africans.


Обратимся теперь к нижеследующему документу, опубликованному не где-нибудь, а на веб-сайте организации "Адала" (עדאלה), специализирующейся на защите прав арабских граждан Израиля. Это официальное заключение комиссии ООН "по преодолению расовой дискриминации", специально посвящённое анти-арабской дискриминации в Израиле. Комиссией были установлены 19 пунктов, в отношении которых Комиссия усматривает те или иные нарушения со стороны Израиля Конвенции ООН "О недопущении любых форм расовой дискриминации" (International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, или “ICERD”) . Израилю предложено в 3-х годичный срок предпринять меры в в соответствии с рекомендациями Комиссии, после чего Комиссия повторно рассмотрит вопрос в феврале 2010-го года.

Вот полный список этих 19-ти пунктов:

1) The right to equality and a prohibition on racial discrimination should be explicitly included in the Basic Law: Human Dignity and Liberty.

2) Israel should ensure that the definition of the state as a Jewish state does not result in any systemic distinction, exclusion, restriction or preference based on race, colour, descent, or national or ethnic origin in the enjoyment of human rights.

3) Israel should ensure “equality in the right to return to one’s country and in the possession of property”.

4) Israel should ensure that the World Zionist Organization, the Jewish Agency and the Jewish National Fund, which manage land, housing and services exclusively for the Jewish population, are “bound by the principle of non-discrimination in the exercise of their functions.”

5) Israel should revoke the Citizenship and Entry into Israel Law (Temporary Order) – 2003, and “ensure that restrictions on family reunification are strictly necessary and limited in scope, and are not applied on the basis of nationality, residency or membership of a particular community.”

6) Israel’s policy of affording highly advantageous benefits, particularly for housing and education, to those who perform military service is incompatible with the Convention, bearing in mind that most Arab citizens do not perform national service.

7) Israel should assess the significance and impact of Israel Land Administration’s “social suitability” admission criterion to small communities, as it may allow in practice for the exclusion of Arab citizens from some State-controlled land. The Committee recommended that Israel take all measures to ensure that State land is allocated without discrimination, direct or indirect, based on race, colour, descent, or national or ethnic origin.

8) Israel should assess the extent to which discriminatory attitudes by employers against Arabs, scarcity of jobs near Arab communities, and lack of daycare centers in Arab villages are a cause of high unemployment rates, particularly for Arab women.

9) Israel should enquire into possible alternatives to the relocation of inhabitants of unrecognized Bedouin villages in the Negev/Naqab to planned towns, in particular through the recognition of these villages and the recognition of the rights of the Bedouin to own, develop, control and use their communal lands, territories and resources traditionally owned or otherwise inhabited or used by them.

10) Israel should address concerns that the psychometric examinations used to test aptitudes, ability and personality indirectly discriminates against Arab citizens in accessing higher education.

11) Israel should ensure that laws and programmes be equally devoted to the promotion of cultural institutions and the protection of holy sites of both Jewish and other religious communities.

12) Israel should increase its efforts to prevent racially motivated offences and hate speech, and ensure that relevant criminal law provisions are effectively implemented by prosecuting politicians, government officials and other public figures for hate speech against the Arab minority.

13) “A high number of complaints filed by Arab citizens against law enforcement officers are not properly and effectively investigated and that the Ministry of Justice’s Police Investigations Unit (Mahash) lacks independence.” The Committee regretted that Israel provided no comments in this regard as requested or information as to whether the persons responsible for the October 2000 killings have been prosecuted and sentenced.

14) Israel’s position that the ICERD does not apply in the OPT “cannot be sustained under the letter and spirit of the Convention, or under international law as also affirmed by the International Court of Justice.” Moreover “the Israeli settlements are illegal under international law.”

15) Israel should cease the construction of the Wall in the OPT, including in and around East Jerusalem, dismantle the structure, and make reparation for all damage. Israel should also “give full effect” to the 2004 Advisory Opinion of the International Court of Justice.

16) Severe restrictions on the freedom of movement in the OPT targeting a particular national or ethnic group, especially through the wall, checkpoints, restricted roads and permit system, have created hardship and have had a highly detrimental impact on the enjoyment of human rights by Palestinians, in particular their rights to freedom of movement, family life, work, education and health.

17) Different laws and practices apply to Palestinians and to Israelis in the OPT, in particular the unequal distribution of water resources to the detriment of Palestinians, the disproportionate targeting of Palestinians in house demolitions, and different criminal laws leading to prolonged detention and harsher punishments for Palestinians for the same offences.

18) While stressing that the Al-Aqsa Mosque is an important cultural and religious site for people living in the OPT, the Committee urged Israel to ensure that the excavations in no way endanger the Mosque and impede access to it.

19) Israel should increase its efforts to protect Palestinians against violence perpetuated by Jewish settlers, particularly in Hebron, and ensure that such incidents are investigated in a prompt, transparent and independent manner, are prosecuted and sentenced, and that avenues for redress are offered to the victims.



Прочитав сей дивный список, хочется сразу же спросить: и это всё? Пункты 1,2,3 носят откровенно декларативный характер; пункт 5 касается временного ограничения, вынужденно введённого на время фактической войны; пункты 7,8,9,10,11,12,13 носят достаточно специальный и порой спорный характер (проблемы, подобные упомянутым там, например насколько стандартные школьные тесты дают неявное преимущество культурному большинству, существуют и обсуждаются в любой многонациональной стране), пункт 18 касается высосанного из пальца недавнего "скандала" о раскопках в районе Храмовой Горы, а пункты 14,15,16,17,19 вообще не касаются собственно Израиля, а говорят о положении на территориях.

Не могу в связи с этим ещё раз не напомнить, как в своё время israel_shamirизвестный антисионист аргументировал наличие в Израиле дискриминации арабов...

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